Panel heating and enamel heating are innovative inventions and add two important elements to the infrared heating portfolio. Panel heaters are in fact panels on which you can write.
They come in typical black surfaces and can be painted with chalk. Very few people suspect that a powerful infrared heater is hidden underneath. The surface is made of slate and is available in several different sizes. Table heaters are often used in children’s rooms so that their offspring can let off steam and at the same time enjoy the comfort of warmth.
Further places of use are the office, workshop and kitchen as well as the gastronomy area. Guests will be amazed when they experience a pleasantly warm feeling while reading the current menu. Table heating
Alternatively a beautiful enamel heating can be used. It has the same dimensions as a panel heater, but has a scratch-resistant white enamel steel surface and a high-quality aluminium frame. Thanks to a special coating, this infrared heater can also be used as a whiteboard and is therefore basically a certain form of panel heating.
How does panel heating work?
Panel heating is similar to picture heating. It fits perfectly into the look of the study and emits warming infrared C radiation. This penetrates relatively far into the skin and creates a pleasant feeling of warmth. Dust is not stirred up, because a panel heater works without air flow.
That is why panel heaters are suitable for everyone who is allergic to house dust. A panel heater does not heat the ambient air, but only the objects that are exposed to light. Especially in bedrooms, infrared heaters are highly appreciated because the bed can be warmed pleasantly while the ambient air remains cool and guarantees a deep sleep.
Panel and enamel heating should be installed in such a way that people are within the working range of the device. This is about 2 to 3 metres, with the intensity slowly decreasing. There is no heat loss, because the infrared rays penetrate directly into the material and unfold their effect without absorption. Panel and enamel heating systems are absolutely noiseless and are therefore suitable for any room.
It is possible to install a panel heater on the ceiling. In this case, however, there is no possibility of writing on it. Thanks to overheating protection, no fire scenarios can occur, the integrated or optionally available thermostat regulates and controls the operating temperature of the device. All panel heaters are very easy to clean and can be easily wiped with a dry or damp cloth.
Infrared heaters do not require any maintenance, are very slim and therefore space-saving and easy to put into operation. A complicated installation as with boiler heating systems is not necessary.
For whom is a panel or enamel heating suitable?
In principle, panel heating systems are suitable for all persons who want to enjoy direct and cosy warmth. Due to their functionality, panel and enamel heating systems are particularly interesting for offices, restaurants, children’s rooms and private schools. Panel heaters have a special surface that gets less hot than ordinary infrared heaters. Nobody would want to expect their child to have to write on a 80°C hot surface.
Although the surface remains rather cool, the panel heater is as efficient as any other infrared heater.
How can a panel heater be used?
A panel or enamel heater is a particularly beautiful radiator, but it is not suitable for sliding back and forth. It is installed firmly on the wall or ceiling and unfolds its effect there.
Many panel heaters have a beautiful aluminium frame and are ideal for decoration. All infrared heaters of the panel type are very narrow and compact, so that they fit into any room. Even small children’s rooms are suitable because only a few centimetres of space are needed. If the space is very limited, the panel heating can be mounted on the ceiling – there are special brackets for this.
Warmth from above is perceived as very pleasant and increases physical as well as psychological well-being.
What is the price of a panel or enamel heating?
These heaters are very versatile and available in different dimensions. The price ultimately also depends on the wattage of the device. On average, panel and enamel heaters draw between 250 and 800 watts, the costs vary between 600 and 1400 euros.
Special shapes and dimensions as well as higher wattages can raise the price again. If a dwelling house is equipped exclusively with panel heaters, about eight devices must be considered 600 euro each, which would cost 4800 euro.
Expensive installation costs are completely eliminated, the purchased infrared heaters only have to be plugged into the socket and switched on. Even beginners without electronics knowledge can set up a panel heater and put it into operation.
How many watts per square meter are necessary?
In living and dining areas, about 50-60 watts per square meter are included in the calculation. Those who like it a little warmer can also count on 70 watts. Wet rooms should generally be heated with 100 watts per square meter because the room temperature should be higher there.
Which panel and enamel heating systems are suitable for which room size?
In order to guarantee a constant room temperature of 20-22 degrees, the following guide values must be considered: 300 W for 4-7 m², 400 W for 6-12 m², 500 W for 8-14 m², 600 Watt for 10-16 m², 700 W for 12-18 m², 800 W for 13-20 m² and 900 W for 15-22 m². Bathrooms should be additionally heated with 300 W.
Two calculation examples: In the children’s room a panel heating should be installed, the room size is 15 m². According to the table, either a 600 or 700 Watt heating system can be used. With a 600 W heating the room temperature will move rather around 20°C, with 700 W about 21-22°C. A bathroom should be equipped with a panel heating, the room size is 10 m².
Here a 400 W, 500 W or 600 W heating can be bought, however in each case 300 Watt must be calculated additionally (wet room). In total, heating systems with 700 W, 800 W or 900 W would be possible, depending on how warm it should be in the bathroom.
What is the power consumption of a panel heater?
A panel and enamel heating system consumes between 250 and 800 watts, but there are also more powerful products. The service life and operating mode (full/additional heating) must also be taken into account. A full heater is used as the sole heater and makes other variants superfluous. Accordingly, the power requirement is considerably higher than with a supplementary heater. The rule of thumb for determining costs is: Watt height multiplied by price per kilowatt hour.
The good news is that once the operating temperature has been reached, the panel heating rarely needs to be reheated. The radiated materials store the heat for a relatively long time, while air is not a good heat transfer medium. An electricity meter can determine the exact electricity requirement.
It can be purchased cheaply on the Internet or at a DIY store and is simply connected between the socket and the appliance. After 24 hours a reference value results, which can be extrapolated on the whole year. The better the insulation of the house, the more efficient the panel heating works. If this is only used as an additional heating system, only 2-3 hours of operation per day must be expected.
Can I burn myself on a panel heater?
No, that is almost impossible. Ordinary infrared heaters do heat up to 80-100°C and cause heat pain, but panel heaters are the exception. Because you have to write on a board heater, the surface must not get too hot. Therefore it is coated with a special material. A certain amount of heat can still be felt, but the surface can be touched without hesitation.
Handling the panel heater
Enamel and panel heaters must be installed in the room in such a way that they illuminate certain objects. Infrared heaters should not be directed against windows because they cannot store heat and energy is wasted.
It is pleasant to install a panel or enamel heating system on the ceiling because the heat is evenly distributed on the floor and stored there. The effect is similar to underfloor heating, but the device can no longer be used as a blackboard because it is out of reach on the ceiling.
A panel heater weighs between 6 and 30 kilograms and can be quickly fixed to the wall with a few screws. As soon as it is plugged in, it unfolds its pleasant warmth and can, for example, supplement the inert underfloor heating.
Panel heaters have a surface of powder-coated steel sheet with a slate surface, while enamel heaters usually have a white enamel steel surface. The mains voltage is 220 volts at 50 Hz, the operating temperature can be between -40°C and 120°C. The operating temperature can be between -40°C and 120°C. The IP value (protection class) against dust should be as high as possible because chalk consists of many small particles which must not penetrate into the device.
Very easy installation
Suitable for allergy sufferers
Flat design saves space
Surface can be inscribed
Thanks to special coating, the surface does not get particularly warm
Ideal as additional heating
Due to the simple construction of the panel heating, dangerous situations are hardly to be expected. However, all enamel and panel heaters should have a high protection class. This is assigned in the form of a two-digit IP number, whereby the first digit stands for the touch protection and the second for the water protection of the device.
The higher the respective numbers, the better the protection. The highest possible protection class is IP 69, the lowest IP 00. Panel and enamel heaters should have both high dust protection (chalk particles) and water protection (wet sponge to wipe off the panel). A typical IP value for panel heaters is IP 44 or higher.
Are there any variants of panel heating?
There are two types of panel heating: blackboard and whiteboard. The latter are referred to as enamel heating, while the former are ordinary panel heaters. The dimensions of the panel and enamel heaters can be very different, but the required wattage is particularly interesting.
What should I look out for when buying?
Room insulation and size must be taken into account before the purchase, and it must also be clear whether the heating is used as a replacement or full heating. It is particularly important to pay attention to the safety of the appliance. Appropriate CE seals provide information about the origin of the heater.
Doubtful imported goods from the Far East should not be used because the risk of a defect is too high. In addition, it is very difficult to exchange them – simply because of their weight.
5 good reasons in favour of an enamel or panel heating system
A panel heater works completely noiseless and emission-free. It can be inscribed with chalk or Edding and is easy to clean. After switching on, the effect unfolds immediately. The simple Plug & Play principle ensures that the panel heating can also be installed and operated by laypersons. Because there is no air flow, this heater is also suitable for allergy sufferers.